Does your NPI profile reveal more than you want?

The first step is to find out what may be out there

Mar 31, 2016 - Doximity Blog

By Sarah-Richelle Lemas, Doximity

Here’s a scary scenario: imagine picking up your cell phone to find a patient unexpectedly on the other end. Or imagine him or her standing on your front doorstep. While both of these situations may seem like unlikely, your personal information -- including cell phone and home address -- may be publicly available without you even realizing it.

Here’s what’s happening

Have you ever Googled your name to see what turns up? As a licensed physician, you will likely see websites that use public information from government sources, often the National Provider Index (NPI). The NPI is a unique ten digit number assigned to every health care provider by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). It is the required identifier for Medicare services and other payers, like commercial healthcare insurers. Once assigned, your NPI is permanent and remains with you regardless of job or location changes. Your NPI profile includes your name, office contact information, and specialty.

If your cell phone number or home address are showing up on various online directories and websites, it may be because it was listed as your primary contact information on NPI, instead of your office phone and address. Or perhaps someone else (such as a residency program coordinator) filled out your NPI profile on your behalf, and unintentionally used personal contact details. You may not have even realized that this information would be available publicly when you initially filled out your NPI application.

Many online directories use this public data from the NPI, so you need to be sure that your NPI profile contains the exact information you want patients to see.

So how do I fix this?

Having your personal information publicly available is a scary thought. But the good news is that you can control your online identity. The first step is to find out what may be out there.

1.Choose your contact information wisely. If you are a new resident and haven’t applied for an NPI yet, you may want to think twice before including your personal cell phone number -- because it might put your private information at risk. NPIs are usually distributed to graduating med students, so ask your residency program director about which number and address will make the most sense.

2.Be aware of what info is in your NPI profile. If you already have an NPI, you may not remember exactly what information you included. So visit the NPI registry to check out your profile. If you need to update anything, you can do it on the NPI website by creating an account.

3.Take a look at your Doximity profile. It is easy to update your contact information on your Doximity profile by selecting “edit” once you are logged in to your account. Just click here to log in to your profile. You decide what information is public, and which colleagues can see your private contact information. And if you have additional questions, you can always contact our friendly Support desk.

Protect your privacy

At Doximity, our goal is to make it easy for you to quickly connect with other medical professionals -- and help you take control of what personal information is visible to others. Managing your Doximity and NPI profiles is a good starting point to take charge of your digital footprint and make sure you aren’t unintentionally sharing more than you wanted.

The super-powers of connected docs

From backlines to back channels, here's how physicians are turning to Doximity to unlock critical lines of communication

Mar 24, 2016 - Production Blog Author

By Tim Horvat, Doximity

As a medical professional, you hold patient lives in your hands, which means thinking on your feet and acting fast when patient care demands it. Sometimes you need to tap into networks beyond your department, hospital, or referral community. But your time is valuable, and you don’t want to waste it hunting down the resources you need. To save time, many physicians are turning to Doximity to help unlock the doors: helping doctors find and connect quickly with any other doctor so that they can improve patient care. Here, we’ve compiled a few of the many compelling stories of physicians using Doximity to aid them in providing the best care possible, when it matters most.

Is there a Crohn’s expert in the house?

Try it out yourself by typing “inflammatory bowel disease San Francisco” into the search bar.

For example, Dr. Nikhil Agarwal in San Francisco recalls a patient with Crohn’s Disease who had recently moved from North Carolina to the Bay Area. The patient was experiencing steadily worsening symptoms, but was having trouble finding a new local provider to see him within a reasonable timeframe. The patient’s original gastroenterologist wanted to help -- so he searched Doximity for a Bay Area expert in inflammatory bowel disease, and found Dr. Agarwal.

Once Dr. Agarwal received the private message, he was able to get the patient in to see him within a couple of days. Dr. Agarwal got a summary of the patient from the previous doctor, as well as electronic faxes of relevant past tests and labs. “The patient received expedited care due to [the original doctor’s] diligence,” said Dr. Agarwal, “and was able to be started on the appropriate therapy within days, rather than weeks to months if he went through the conventional channels of health care.”

Working on the weekend

Patients rarely get sick when it’s convenient, but they still need the best care. Dr. Anitha Rao, a Chicago-based Neurologist tells about a weekend when she admitted a patient to the Neuro ICU who had been seizing continuously for an hour.  They urgently needed to contact the patient’s regular physician to get information on prior seizure meds. But, as she says, “we were clueless on how to contact the primary neurologist on a Saturday!” Dr. Rao was able to locate the physician’s backline on Doximity and make a phone call, successfully retrieving the patient’s details when time was running out.

We all need somebody to lean on

Dr. Jennifer Tang, a New Jersey-based Internal Medicine physician, had a beloved 90-something year old patient that she’d been seeing for almost ten years. But over the past couple of years, the patient’s memory had been declining severely, to the point where both the patient’s daughter and Dr. Tang felt it was no longer safe for the elderly patient to live at home alone. However, the patient was extremely independent and strong-willed, so conversations about reducing the 90 year old’s independence were an ongoing struggle.  

Due to the scope of this challenging situation, Dr. Tang knew that additional consultation was required to resolve the issue, and was able to connect with a med school classmate on Doximity who now specializes in geriatric psychiatry. She also talked with a prior residency classmate who is a geriatrician. Both were able to give Dr. Tang helpful tips on how to effectively approach her patient, so that she could better help the woman through this difficult life transition.  

Connecting with old friends in need

Dr. Charles Dunham is a psychiatrist in Winston Salem, North Carolina. He uses Doximity because it has made it easy for him to connect with old colleagues from residency, a valuable network that can often help with easy referrals. Over time, though, it can be hard to stay up to date on each other’s practice locations and contact information. In one instance, a former colleague dialed Dr. Dunham on a private phone number only available to his Doximity connections. The physician explained her brother was experiencing new onset psychosis. Dr. Dunham says, “I was able to walk her through some scenarios and we made an appointment for her family member with a respected psychiatrist. I'm not sure this would have happened without the connectivity of Doximity, especially its back-office phone numbers.”

What about your needs?

You’ve probably experienced this yourself—needing to set up an urgent referral or consult outside of your established network. Can Doximity help you tap into a nationwide network of doctors, to quickly connect with other physicians when you need it most? Doximity’s search feature allows you to find any licensed US physician by name, specialty, geographic location, hospital affiliation, and more. Try it yourself and see who you may know on the super-connected network.

7 things physicians wish they'd done before residency

Congratulations, you matched! Now what? We have your to-do list.

Mar 17, 2016 - Production Blog Author

by Natasha Singh, Doximity

Match Day finally arrived. Congratulations, you matched! Now what are you supposed to do next? We talked with current residents and physicians to find out what they wish they’d done before residency started. Here are some tips we put together on a few items to check off your To-Do list before residency starts this summer.

_Click to Tweet _7 Life Hacks for Medical Students Before Residency Starts via @doximity

1. Connect with your new crew. Now that you know where you will be spending your residency, you probably have a thousand questions running through your head. Where will you live? Where will you find decent coffee in the middle of the night? Do residents ever have time to go for Happy Hour? To get answers, go to the source: current program residents and alums. They were in your shoes, and they probably have tips for navigating your new residency. To connect with your new colleagues, look up your program on Doximity and start scouting the answers to all those burning questions.

2. Goodbye school, hello debt. The average medical school graduate has $176,000 of student debt. Yikes, that’s a lot of dough. And since you are finally saying goodbye to med school, and hello to a real job with a (albeit small) paycheck, now is a good time to look at how you are going to repay your loans. You may have the option of deferring payment on those loans while you’re a resident. Or income-based repayment may make more sense, since you probably expect to earn a higher salary after residency. Take a look at the potential repayment options, and use the AAMC’s medical student loan calculator to figure out the best fit for your situation.

3. Spend wisely, young doctor. Now is a good time to spend your new income wisely. You may have mountains of debt, but extreme penny pinching probably isn’t going to impact that much one way or the other. So spend a little… just don’t go crazy with it. And by the way, this may not be the best time to buy a house. That’s a big debt to take on, plus a house may lock you into a location too soon. Plus, with your on-call hours, you’ll never be able to wait at home for the plumber to show up!**

**4. Don’t forget those textbooks! **Once you figure out where you are going to live during residency, you will need to get all your stuff from here to there… like all those super-heavy medical textbooks weighing down your bookshelf. One little-known option for moving all of your books is USPS Media Mail, which can help you save a lot on shipping educational materials. For example, those 30lb boxes of books that you need to ship across the country? Instead of spending at least $80 per box, you can use Media Mail to get them to your new home for around $17. 

5. Be the hospital hero with your pocket fax machine. You will have a brand new set of co-workers as a first-year resident, and you want to start off on the right foot, as you’ll probably be together for several years. With just one fax machine per floor that everyone has to share in order to send confidential patient information and orders, be the hospital hero with your HIPAA-secure fax app. Impress your colleagues and set yourself up for success by being ready on day one to exchange messages from your phone or tablet, instead of the shared fax machine.

6. Get your paperwork in order. ** Along with getting a digital fax line, it’s a good time to get the rest of your clerical life under control as well. Do that filing you’ve been putting off. Make copies of key documents, like your diploma. Pro tip: set up auto-forwarding from your medical school email address to your personal email address, so you don’t miss out on any important emails post graduation. Since you won’t be able to use your medical school email address for much longer, make sure you switch your login email addresses for important online accounts to a more permanent email address. Need to update your Doximity account? You can change it in your settings.

**7. Last call for a break. **Now that you matched, you may be coming down with a case of “senioritis”. This is perfectly normal, and the symptoms should subside by the time your residency starts! This may be the last hurrah for a little while, so take advantage of the next couple of months to just cruise and have a little fun. Travel. Catch up with family & friends. Pick up a hobby. Take care of yourself -- before you start your residency to do the real work of taking care of others.

If all of this is too overwhelming, just take the advice of Dr. Akshay Sanan, third-year resident in the Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery program at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia. He says, “spend time with your family and friends, sleep a ton, and travel somewhere new if you can. Once residency starts, your life will change forever (for the better, I promise). To date, the time between Match Day and the start of residency was some of my best experiences.”

Photo credit: Scrubs, NBC,

The Millennials Myth - Young Doctors Are Not the Only Ones Using Technology

It begs the question, exactly how are doctors are using this technology on the job?

Mar 09, 2016 - Production Blog Author

By Sarah-Richelle Lemas, Doximity

One thing we know at Doximity is that digital devices and apps have given doctors a whole new black bag of tools.  Everyone carries a smartphone these days, but we wondered exactly how doctors are using this technology on the job, and whether any generational differences exist.  To shed some light on this topic, we dug into how physicians across the age spectrum use Doximity products and other apps, and discovered some interesting findings.

You Are What You Read

One thing millennial and non-millennial physicians can agree on is that there is a lot of medical research and news to keep up with. That’s why DocNews is one of the top three Doximity features used by physicians over age 35. DocNews lets doctors see what their colleagues are recommending and commenting on and uses machine learning to suggest new articles to read based on the doctor’s own CV and interests. For one doctor out of Buffalo, NY, DocNews saves precious time. “Doximity's DocNews has kept me up to date in both of my specialties… without having to inefficiently skim through multiple journals each month”.

As you may guess, different DocNews articles appeal to different generations. While doctors of all ages are catching up on the latest clinical research, here are some of the more mainstream headlines that engaged different age groups in the last year:

Popular with Doctors Under 40

  • For the Young Doctor About to Burn Out
  • "Zombie Apocalypse" Drug Reaches US
  • Are Surgeons More Aggressive than Internal Medicine Physicians?
  • Study of Highly-Motivated GenX Physicians Shows Disparity Between Men and Women in Parenting
  • What Hospitals Could Learn from Starbucks

Popular with Doctors Over 55

  • How Many Die From Medical Mistakes in U.S. Hospitals?
  • Blood Pressure Ruckus Reveals Big Secret In Medicine
  • Biceps Curls And Down Dogs May Help Lower Diabetes Risk
  • Cardiologists Chronically Fail to Recognize One Problem in Older Heart Patients
  • Screening for Alzheimer’s Gene Tests the Desire to Know

And not surprisingly, doctors tend to grab a few moments to read the news at different times of day. While the most common time to read DocNews is early in the morning, the millennials own the midnight to 4AM graveyard shift. By contrast, many of the over-35s prefer to read their news in the more sane evening timeslots -- 8PM to midnight -- before hitting the hay.

Are you talking to me?

We also took a look at how our half a million physicians are using Doximity to interact with one another. More seasoned physicians are really loving the ability to connect with colleagues and classmates on Doximity. “One fun way Doximity made my life easier was when my classmates and I gathered for our 30 year reunion in Shreveport, Louisiana,” said Dr. Lori Barr, Partner at Austin Radiological Association. “It was the fastest way to get in touch with each other and make plans to get together.”

The younger set is taking advantage of digital fax and messaging at a faster pace than their more senior peers. According to Dr. Amit Ayer, a Neurosurgery Resident in Chicago, “The personal fax is a junior resident's best friend.”

Loving the fruit (or not?)

When we analyze what mobile devices physicians are using, we see that 90% of Doximity mobile users are on Apple products. Interestingly, doctors under age 40 are actually substantially more likely to use Android devices than their older counterparts. And while our data shows millennials use mobile devices more than 35-45 year olds and the 55+ cohort, the 45-55 age group was actually the most likely to use Doximity’s mobile features vs. the desktop version.

An App(le) a Day Keeps the Doc in Play

You almost never see a millennial without their phone in hand. Not surprisingly, nearly all younger physicians are using their smartphones on the job as well. According to the Sources & Interactions Study by Kantar Media, 92% of physicians under 35 use at least one app for professional purposes. In this group, 88% use a smartphone app for diagnostic tools/clinical reference and 76% use apps for drug and coding references. Their older colleagues are also adopting these devices, although somewhat less. For physicians ages 45-59, 55% use the first and 46% use the latter.

Ready or not

No matter how you are using smartphones and tablets on the job, technology has changed how the medical world works. Different age groups emphasize various platforms to varying degrees. But no matter what, technology that can help physicians be better at their jobs will continue to have a position in the workplace. See how Doximity can help you work more efficiently and download the app (Apple and Android).

Doctors’ Headshots: 5 Striking Lessons From 500,000 Physician Profiles

Why you're one professional headshot away from growing your referral base

Mar 01, 2016 - Production Blog Author

By Natasha Singh, Doximity

After digging through more than half a million profiles on Doximity, you learn a thing or two about how to represent yourself online. They say a picture is worth a thousand words, and this turns out to be true, even for physicians. We analyzed 500,000 physician profiles to reveal five key lessons on why professional headshots are critical for today’s physicians. Whether it’s a prospective employer looking you up online, or a fellow physician reaching out for a referral, your profile photo helps build your practice, your reputation, and ultimately your digital brand.  **

1. You’re one professional headshot away from growing your referral base (seriously)

We found that doctors with profile photos are viewed TWICE as often as doctors without photos. So, why does this matter? Well, physicians with profile pictures get preferential search ranking. By not having a profile photo, you may miss out on opportunities to expand your network among local physicians or position yourself for your next career move. We even discovered a correlation between doctors with and without photos and the salaries they earn: doctors with profile photos earn, on average, 8% more than their camera-shy counterparts.

2. Looking for the right job match? Don’t treat it like a blind date

For young residents beginning their careers, the lack of a profile photo is actually hurting their chances of landing their dream job. In fact, our data reveals that employers are 21% more likely to view candidates with profile photos than those without. In fact, Dr. Armand Krikorian from Advocate Christ Medical Center encourages all of his residents to take professional headshots before they graduate. “As a Program Director, one of my responsibilities is to help our graduating residents find jobs. Paper CVs have been effective, but I encourage them to create online profiles. I even tell them to add photos to help bring their CVs to life.”

3. The one photo med students shouldn’t hide in residency application season

It’s a well known fact that medical students go to great lengths to hide or disable their social media profiles when they’re applying for residency. For some program directors, examining applicants’ social media profiles is the norm when screening residency candidates. American Medical Association reports, “A survey of surgical program directors in the Journal of Emergency Medicine found that 17 percent screened applicants by using social media networking sites, and 33 percent of that group gave lower rankings to applicants based on the online content they found.”

While it’s smart to hide the photos that might potentially hurt your application (no program director needs to see what a champ you were on Thirsty Thursdays), we found there is one photo that 4th year medical students absolutely DO want people to see: their professional headshot. Our data reveals that graduating medical students are 57% more likely to have a professional headshots on their CVs than 3rd year medical students. And it makes sense. They know that their profile pictures are a key part of building their professional reputation.

4. Older physicians are putting their best face forward

Now that we’ve established how a profile picture can help you build connections online, let’s look at who else has one. In our analysis, we found that some age groups are showing better photo-awareness than others. Surprisingly, our younger doctors (in their 20s, 30s and 40s) were lagging a bit behind their older counterparts (ages 50+). Out of the headshots we analyzed, a little over half 53% of them belong to doctors over 50

5. Follow the lead of the more photo-savvy specialists

We also discovered certain specialities are more likely to have profile photos than others.  Surgeons and highly specialized doctors lead the way in profile photo saturation, perhaps due to a greater need to market themselves and their skills to their peers. For example, nearly 2 in 3 plastic surgeons, colorectal surgeons and pediatric cardiologists have photos to supplement their online CVs, while more emergency medicine and internal medicine doctors tend to be camera-shy.

Ready for your closeup? Get a free professional headshot.
We’re on a mission to help every Doximity member put their best face forward by taking free professional headshots at a variety of medical conferences all year long. Check the list, and reserve your appointment today:

Already have a great headshot?
You’re ahead of the curve! Make sure you added your photo to your Doximity profile. Visit your profile on Doximity and easily add or edit your profile photo.

*Have a headshot but need some feedback on it? *
Our professional photo experts can give you feedback and tips on your photo -- send your photo to:

More ROI on your medical degree

Now more than ever, doctors than ever are tapping into their entrepreneurial spirit

Feb 26, 2016 - Production Blog Author

Physicians are increasingly seeking ways to cash in their hard-earned medical expertise outside of their daily clinics. At a time when the practice of medicine is fraught with administrative, financial, and regulatory challenges, supplemental sources of income have become more attractive. More doctors than ever are tapping into their entrepreneurial spirit and looking to make additional income through telemedicine and locums tenens. For those interested in getting a greater return on their investment in medicine, we put together the following starter guide.

Believe The Telemedicine Hype

The telemedicine boom is upon us. While often cited as a tech-y buzzword, telemedicine is having a tangible effect on the healthcare landscape, and its impact is only expected to grow. According to a recent industry article, the telemedicine market is projected to reach $13 billion in size by 2021 (source: Pharmion 2016) . As U.S. legislation continues to encourage efficiency and cost-cutting in medicine, telemedicine is primed to take a front row seat.

*28 states and the District of Columbia have enacted parity laws requiring insurers to cover telehealth services. *


(Source: American Telemedicine Association 2016)

The incentives also exist for medical providers. Telemedicine takes many forms and gives physicians the flexibility to choose a telehealth service that works best for them. For example, one of the largest national providers of telemedicine, American Well, allows physicians to see patients on their platform based on their schedules and preferences. Physicians wishing to build out their practice can also follow up with patients in person. The relative ease of on-boarding makes the technology an excellent choice for doctors who want to supplement their practices while deciding when and how they want to see patients.

Is Locum Tenens for You?

Similar to opportunities in telemedicine, physicians can earn extra income and enjoy diverse employment experiences practicing locum tenens. While historically locums tenens may have catered to a niche market of healthcare providers, today, physicians from a variety of backgrounds are choosing to work locums. A recent study based on Doximity data found that interest in locums tenens remains high among both young and middle-aged physicians.


Consider the story of Dr. Bassam Rimawi, a young physician in fellowship training trying to earn extra wages in addition to his meager academic stipend. “Doing locum tenens work at the same time helps to get that extra paycheck under your belt. One paycheck of locum work is more than I made in three months of fellowship!” (source: Physician’s Weekly 2015) Locums tenens gives physicians the opportunity to work a few more shifts, on their terms, while earning substantial compensation.

Interested in telemedicine or locum positions?

If you find yourself interested in telemedicine and locum tenens roles, there a few ways to stand out.

  1. Update your “Clinical Interests” (including telemedicine) on your Doximity profile as this will ensure you are only contacted about relevant opportunities.

2. Edit your job alerts to receive information about part-time and locum tenens positions, in addition to more options regarding your preferences.

  1. Finally, don’t be afraid to connect with other physicians with similar interests. These colleagues may be a valuable source of information and could potentially help you find the right job, be it for your next part- or full-time gig.

This is now the most popular last name in medicine.

What does the future hold for the state of the nation, or shall we say, state of the names?

Feb 19, 2016 - Doximity Blog

By Sarah-Richelle Lemas, Doximity

If a healthy dose of Valentine’s Day amore has you dreaming of your future offspring, prep your tiny tikes for a future career in medicine by choosing their name wisely. While there’s no way of knowing who the future doctors of America will be, we’ve seen commonalities in our care teams over the past few decades. Just for fun we analyzed the names of all U.S. physicians by first name, last name and the state in which they practice.

Minority Report: Popular last names point to the increase in diversity in medicine over time

Physicians born anytime in the 1930s - 1950s are more likely to have the surname Smith, but starting in the 1960s the U.S. saw an uptick in diversity, and in both the 1970s and 1980s, Patel topped this list as the most common last name among all physicians. Patel is now officially the last name most frequently preceded by “Dr.”


This trend is likely to continue. Since the 1980s, the number of Asian American med school graduates has increased from almost none to making up approximately a fifth of all graduates (source: AAMC Data Warehouse). According to the 2014 census, foreign born doctors now make up approximately 25 percent of all physicians practicing in the U.S.

Most popular first names, nationwide (doctors born in 1930s-1990s):


Dr. John will see you in the south

The leading male physician name over the past 60 years has been John, topping the list in 25 states, including most southeastern states. John was consistently in the first three slots until the 1980s, when it dropped to seventh place. David was the overall runner up, reigning in 11 states. David’s popularity peaked in the 1950s and 1960s with the number one spot, and was later dethroned by Michael and Matthew in the 70s and 80s.

Map of Female Physicians Name

Paging Dr. Jenny from all the blocks

When it comes to female physician names, Jennifer was far and above the most popular - the moniker won out in 36 states. This could correlate to the name’s overall surge in popularity in the 70s and 80s, when it was also the most popular U.S. baby name. Around this time the nation also saw an increase in female physicians joining the field, with their numbers increasing from 25,000 in 1970 to more than 235,000 in 2004 (source: Federation of State Medical Boards 2015).

Map of Female Physicians Name

What’s in a name?

What does the future hold for the state of the nation, or shall we say, state of the names? While a zany alias like Blue Ivy or Apple may garner press for today’s stars and their babies, a more common name may be the safer pick for the next generation of doctors in your family. If the past is any indication, the most common doctor names have traditionally been aligned with the census - take a look at our the comparison below.



Either way, here’s to the future physicians of America, and to those who raise them! Is your Doximity profile up-to-date?

Send us your CV today and we’ll upload it for you for free:

We analyzed 35,000 physician salaries. Here's what we found.

Here are the latest insights our data scientists have gleaned from our compensation map

Jan 27, 2016 - Production Blog Author

By Joel Davis, VP of Hiring Solutions at Doximity

Last year we unveiled Career Navigator, the first-ever comprehensive career resource that includes physician compensation estimates and open job opportunities. Now, more than 35,000 Doximity members have anonymously shared their annual income with the greater physician community in an effort to bring more transparency to medical careers. For some, this insight has helped them better prepare for career moves and salary negotiations.

Sports medicine physician Dr. Rowan Paul said, “when I was negotiating for partnership, I used Doximity and had more confidence negotiating a very competitive compensation package.”

Others have discovered new opportunities -- either full-time clinical positions, or to supplement their current practice. For example, 50% of all physicians practicing in American Well’s telehealth group discovered the opportunity through Doximity.

map of general surgery salaries for doctors

General Surgery jobs and physician compensation survey map. Physicians can access all maps at

As physicians finalize their resolutions for the new year and plan the next steps for their careers, we want to share the latest insights our data scientists have gleaned from our compensation map. In this latest round of analysis we examined the balances (or imbalances) between locations, academic versus clinical positions, and genders.


If you are looking for the maximum return on your extra decade of education, then where you practice matters. It turns out, cities where our data shows physicians are most interested in working — Los Angeles, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. — have average salaries significantly lower than the rest of the country. Physicians living in our nation’s capital, for example, had the lowest average salary across all specialties — making a full 17% less than the national average for all specialties.

Doctors in these metropolitan areas are most in-demand by employers based on recruitment activity on Doximity:

1. Denver, Colorado
2. Louisville, Kentucky
3. Spokane, Washington
4. Las Vegas, Nevada
5. Colorado Springs, Colorado

When it comes to average annual income, Minnesota and Indiana seem to fare the best -- both are 13% over national average for all specialties. So, if you really want get the most return on your medical school investment, head to the heartland.

Highest paying states for primary care physicians (family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, OB/GYN):

1. Arkansas - $330,000
2. South Dakota - $305,000
3. Iowa - $305,000

Lowest paying states for primary care physicians (family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, OB/GYN):

49. Delaware - $218,000
50. West Virginia - $205,000
51. District of Columbia - $192,000

Highest paying states for specialists:

1. North Dakota - $472,000
2. Wyoming - $433,000
3. Idaho - $429,000

Lowest paying states for specialists:

49. Vermont - $299,000
50. District of Columbia - $298,000
51. Rhode Island - $291,000


Academic medicine has always been one of the most important callings in healthcare. Not only do these physicians continue to mold the future of medicine with each class, but the with the impending physician shortage, they are responsible for making sure their cohorts are prepared to carry the growing caseload. And we have academic physicians to thank for making great strides in medical research.

However, devotion to teaching and research comes at a price. As a whole, academic physicians make on average 13% less than their non-academic counterparts, and this varies significantly by specialty. For example, academic cardiologists make on average 52% (or $150,000; p < .05 ) less than their non-academic counterpoints. Similarly, non-academic gastroenterologists make 41% (or $124,000; p < .05) more than academics in the specialty. Similar to the pay gap findings in gender, the procedural specialties tend to make significantly more in non-academic careers.

Additionally, while we don’t account for tenure or geography, it appears that academic physician earnings cluster around $250,000 and have less variability:

average compensation densities for academic and non-academic physicians


Women now make up 34% of the physician workforce and half of this year’s medical school graduating class, yet inequalities persist in their careers. In September 2015, a study by Dr. Anupam Jena revealed women in academic medicine were 13 percent less likely to be promoted to full professor than men with the same qualifications. Another study suggested women are less likely to get research funding. Our data tells a similar story: overall, male physicians tend to make an average of 21% more than female.

Specialties with some of the largest gender pay gaps:

  • Ophthalmology: males earn 36% more than their female counterparts (~$95,000 more per year; p < .05)

  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation: males earn 24% more than females (~$80,000 more; p < .05)

  • Cardiology: males earn 29% more than female cardiologists (~$97,000 more; p < .05)

Specialties with some of the smallest gender pay gaps:

  • Anesthesiology: males earn 12% more than female anesthesiologists (~$43,000 more; p < .05)

  • Radiology: males earn 13% more than females (~$49,000 more; p < .05)

  • Family Medicine: males earn 14% more than females (~$30,000 more; p < .05)

*This analysis does not account for any disproportionate subspecialization (e.g. more men pursuing a higher paying subspecialty such as interventional cardiology).

At what point in their careers are men and women equally compensated?

The difference in earnings between men and women seems to persist across the career timeline -- the gap closing only slightly as physicians approach retirement.

average physician compensation by gender and age

While there are movements in the industry to close the gender gap in both academic and non-academic careers, the gender pay gap remains an issue.

*For other Doximity gender studies, check out blog posts about resident happiness and women surgeons using social networking.


Compensation is nowhere near the primary motivating factor for many in medicine. However, the employment landscape is shifting: more physicians are selling their private practices to become employees of hospitals and large groups. Therefore, it is important that physicians prepare for salary negotiations. We hope that by adding a bit of transparency to compensation trends with Career Navigator and pairing it with job opportunities in areas with unmet needs, physicians will be empowered to take control of their careers and get compensated fairly for keeping the country healthy.

Physicians can explore the interactive compensation map at

**Note: all salary estimates are based on self-reported annual income, not per unit of work. They were not controlled for part time vs full time work. Other than the academic vs. non-academic comparison, all figures include both academic vs. non-academic salaries. Gender pay by specialty is not weighted by subspecialty.

3 job-hunting strategies to help today's residents

With the advent of the Information Age, the role of the CV has evolved

Dec 10, 2015 - Production Blog Author


1. Make sure your online identity is as up-to-date as your paper CV.

The first step of any job search is to update your Curriculum Vitae. With the advent of the Information Age, the role of the CV has evolved, and positioning yourself for top career opportunities goes beyond merely maintaining your paper CV. Today, employers are using the internet to assess potential candidates, and the best way to build your reputation outside of your wards is to control your online persona. According to a Jobvite survey, 94% of recruiters use or plan to use social media in their recruitment efforts, and 78% of recruiters have made a hire through social media. 

On Doximity there are thousands of hospitals and physician groups who are currently looking for top candidates. An up-to-date Doximity profile will not only make you stand out to potential employers, but also give you a boost in Google search results. 85% of physicians appear on the first page of Google because of their Doximity/U.S. News profile. Public information from your Doximity profile syncs to your U.S. News profile instantly, and a completed Doximity profile can rise above doctor rating sites and stand out to potential employers.

2. The power of social capital

Since the day you applied to medical school, unbeknownst to you, you have been building social capital -- your classmates and professors in medical school, co-residents and attendings during training and all your professional contacts in between. Social capital is especially handy while job hunting. In fact, 88% of employers rate employee referrals above all other sources for generating quality new hires. While evaluating your career options, you can easily tap into your network to help discover opportunities.

To get a better idea of the career opportunities available for physicians with your background, take a look at the alumni from your program with Residency Navigator. You can leverage program alumni at a specific hospital or in a certain geographic location to help get your foot in the door.

3. Understand the market

Whether you have to pay off student loans or are (understandably) eager to finally earn a doctor level salary, compensation will probably play a large hand in selecting the right job for you. In Finding the Right Job: Two Key Issues, Dr. Arnold E. Cuenca, Clinical Assistant Professor at Western University of Health Sciences, advises job-seekers to “do some research and find out what the salary averages are in your area. [Doximity]’s career section includes a “Salary Map” that shows salaries reported by members by region.”

With Doximity’s Career Navigator, you can see what other physicians in your specialty earn across the country. Experienced physicians contribute anonymous salary reports to their community of peers in exchange for insights and trends in the job market. With over 30,000 salary submissions, Career Navigator has become the largest repository of physician-reported salary data in the U.S.

Residency Programs: Is There A Personalized Prescription?

Choosing a medical residency program is one of the biggest decisions of a physician’s career.

Aug 25, 2015 - Production Blog Author


By Shari Buck, VP Product at Doximity

Choosing a medical residency program is one of the biggest decisions of a physician’s career. With hundreds of programs to choose from and a paucity of historical comparative data available, the process can be overwhelming. It’s also expensive: A 2012 survey of graduating medical students at the University of Missouri found the interview trail cost students $6,600 on average, and expenses can be significantly higher for competitive specialties such as ophthalmology.

As medical students face increasing competition for a limited number of residency positions, discovering and investing time into programs that may be a tailored fit becomes increasingly important. Yet “fit” is not one size fits all. While nothing trumps an applicant’s perception of a program’s “gestalt” after spending a few days on campus, few resources exist to help students discover and compare options throughout the application process.

An unprecedented look into resident satisfaction

With that in mind, we’re excited to introduce the 2015-2016 Residency Navigator. Over the summer, Doximity members have contributed over 94,000 anonymized ratings and hand-written reviews on important aspects of their residency experience, such as career guidance, schedule flexibility for pregnancy and other life events, program culture and clinical diversity.

Where are residents happiest?

While there’s no way to know for sure today if geography, climate, extracurricular activities or have an effect on clinical training satisfaction, it’s interesting to note that satisfaction data from current residents and recent alumni have varied by state.

Oregon residents, for example, were the most satisfied by their training. Who knows — maybe it’s because of Portland’s high density of micro-breweries. Residents in Nevada, on the other hand, perhaps have too much student debt to enjoy the casinos.

Happiest residents:

  1. Oregon - 100%
  2. Vermont - 97.5%
  3. Utah - 97%
  4. Minnesota - 96.5%
  5. North Carolina - 96%

Unhappiest residents:

  1. Oklahoma - 81.5%
  2. South Dakota - 80%
  3. Mississippi - 79%
  4. Arkansas - 78%
  5. Nevada - 75%

Male vs female residents: Who’s happier?

Residency can be extremely stressful, but that doesn’t mean life as a resident is miserable. However, female residents in general appear to be less satisfied. Only 91% of women rated their programs at least 4 out of 5 stars in “Overall rating: willingness to recommend this program to others” compared to 94% of men.

As U.S. News reports: “The gender gap was wider in certain historically male-dominated specialties, including orthopedic surgery (83.7 percent for women vs. 95.9 percent for men; p<.05), general surgery (84.9 percent vs. 92.4 percent; p<.05) and anesthesiology (88.6 percent vs. 92.9 percent; p<.05).

Thankfully, the world is changing, and right before our eyes. Efforts such as the #ILookLikeASurgeon movement help ensure that today’s surgical specialties will not discourage prospective female applicants.

Work/life balance, in the eye of the beholder?

Duty hour standards, such as the capped 80 hour work week, are designed to protect newly-minted physicians (and their patients, although the jury’s still out on whether it helps) from sleep deprivation and decreased performance. However, as some residents have noted, reality differs from what is documented. In this year’s Residency Navigator, physicians rated their residency programs on “Work hours: tolerability of shift and call schedules” and “Schedule flexibility: accommodation for weddings, pregnancy, deaths, etc”, providing a glimpse into which programs and specialties have the best work/life balance.

Specialties with highest average of Work Hours & Schedule Flexibility ratings:

  1. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  2. Dermatology
  3. Radiation Oncology
  4. Orthopedic Surgery
  5. Emergency Medicine


  1. Anesthesiology
  2. Neurology
  3. OB/GYN

Perhaps not surprisingly, physical medicine & rehabilitation, dermatology, and radiation oncology were amongst the top 3 in the list. What may be surprising is that the rest of the list did not necessarily sort just by “easy” or “tough” stereotypical schedules. For example, radiology (generally thought to have more flexibility) and neurological surgery (generally thought to have less flexibility) both ranked near the middle of the pack. To understand this, we should keep in mind that survey respondents rated their own residency program, thus creating a measure of expected flexibility vs actual flexibility. Both dermatology and radiology are perceived to offer better hours than neurosurgery, but that is expected. The difference may be that dermatology programs meet or exceed expectations at a higher rate than radiology and neurosurgery programs. We’ll return to this analysis in greater detail as more physicians contribute feedback on their residency experience.

Physicians empowering physicians

There are thousands of incredible clinical residency programs — all of which should be applauded for their efforts training young doctors. However, not all programs are created equal, and choosing a program is a highly personal process. Residency Navigator helps students begin that journey. We’d like to thank our Doximity members for sharing their training experiences, it’s an inspirational example of what the world’s largest body of physicians can achieve together, and we hope it will prove valuable to the next generation of physicians.

Visit Residency Navigator:

Shari Buck is Vice President of Product Management at Doximity